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As children return to school and sports, the issue of foot problems come to the forefront. We often get questions regarding foot pain and foot shape and how this affects walking and running.
As https://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/treatments/Pages/Orthotics.aspx describes, when walking and running, the foot undergoes pronation and supination. Pronation occurs when the foot lands on the ground. the arch flattens, the heel flares out and the shin bone rotates inwardly. This allows the foot to absorb shock and adapt to the surface.
A flat foot pronates excessively. Excessive pronation results in the arch collapsing with weight bearing. Due to the instability of a pronated flat foot, the leg muscles have to work extra hard to stabilize the foot during walking and running. This can cause shin splints and stress fractures. A flat foot also is associated with increased tibial rotation and can lead to knee problems. an orthotic that supports the arch can help treat these conditions.
Supination happens before pushing off with walking or runing. Supination raises the arch, inverts the hee., and makes the foot more rigid to allow for push off. A foot with a high arch is rigid and supinates. This foot type has stability and support but lacks flexibility for shock absorbtion. This rigidity can lead to stress fractures or overuse injuries. A rigid orthotic for this foot type is not recommended because it may increase the risk of injury, but an shoe insert that provides cushion may be helpful.
Types of car seats
Infants and toddlers: rear facing only or rear facing convertible. All infants and toddlers should ride in a rear facing seat until they are at least 2 years old or reach the highest weight or height allowed by their car seat manufacturer
Toddlers and preschoolers: Convertible or forward facing with harness. Children who have outgrown the rear facing weight or height limit for their convertible seat should use a foward facing seat with a harness for as long as possible, up to the highest weight or height allowed by their car safety seat manufacturer.
School aged children: Booster seats. All children whose weight or height exceeds the forward facing limit for their car safety seat should use a belt positioning booster seat until the vehicle seat belt fits properly, typically when they have reached 4 feet 9 inches in height and are 8 through 12 years of age. All children younger than 13 should ride in the back seat.
Older children: seat belts. When children are old enough and large enough for the vehicle seat belt to fit them correctly, they should always use lap and shoulder seat belts for the best protection. All children younger than 13 years should ride in the back seat.
Car seats may be installed with either the vehicle seat belt or latch system. A latch is an attachment system for car seats. Lower anchors can be used instead of the seat belt to install the seat. The top tether improves safety provided by the seat and is important to use for all forward facing seats, even those installed using the seat belt. If you install a car seat using your seat belt, you must make sure the seat belt locks to help get a tight fit.
The safest place to ride for all children younger than13 is the back seat.
There are three types of rear facing seats available: rear facing only, convertible, and 3-in-1.
Rear facing only seats are used for infants up to 22 to 45 pounds, depending on the model. They are small, have carrying handles and sometimes are part of a stroller system. They ususlly come with a base that can be left in the car. the seat clicks into and out of the base so you don't have to install it each time.
Convertible seats can by used rear facing and later converted to forward facing for older children when they outgrow the weight limit, the length limit, or both for rear facing. They are bulkier than infant seats, however, and do ot come with carrying handkles or separate bases. Many have higher limits in rear facing weight (up to 40-50 pouonds) and height than rear facing only seats, which make them ideal for bigger babies and toddlers. They have a 5 point harness that attaches at the shoulders, hips and between the legs.
3-in-1 seats can be used rear facing, forward facing, or as a belt positioning booster. This means the seat can be used longer by your child. They are bigger insize, so it is important to check that they fit in the vehicle while rear facing. They do not have a carrying handle or separtate base, however, they may have higher limits in rear facing weight and height than rear facing only seats, which make them ideal for bigger babies and toddlers. For more information and to review the tips given here please refer to the following: https://www.healthychildren.org/English/safety-prevention/on-the-go/Pages/Car-Safety-Seats-Information-for-Families.aspx
December 24 2013 : 9:00 am to 12:30 pm
December 25th: closed
December 31st: 9:00 am to 12:30 pm
Jan 1st 2014: Closed
Year end is coming already?! Be sure your children's physicals are up to date.